‘Throwback’ of 71 years

As in every year, while I get ready to celebrate the Independence Day, the most pertinent question resurfaces in my mind. Have we, as a nation, done justice to the struggle of our freedom fighters? Have we, as a nation, stood on the promise that we made to each other? A promise to build a sovereign, socialistic, secular and democratic nation. Or are we just enjoying the powerful weapons loaded in our constitution – Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity?

While Nehru gave his famous speech “Tryst with Destiny”, he would have never expected our thirst with traditions. At the time of partition, lakhs of people were brutally butchered in the name of religion. Communalism was at its peaks causing an irreparable damage to our diverse heritage. Moreover, social evils such as untouchability, sati, caste discrimination, child marriage, female infanticide were deeply rooted in the society. The economic status was also dire. The literacy rate in India was just around 18% during Independence. Income of an average Indian was approximately Rs.1500 per year and average lifespan used to be 41 years. Nevertheless, India has achieved tremendous progress in most of the metrics.

While drafting the constitution, Ambedkar made sure that no one is left behind in our progress. Sardar Vallabhai Patel’s effort led to the unity of the entire country. Nehru was successful in blending modern education and technology with Indian culture. Vinoba Bhave was successful in redistributing thousands of acres of land to minimize inequality. With the solid seeds sown, the national building has begun.

Socially, we have come along a long way. Evil practices such as Untouchability and Sati are extinct. Female foeticide and infant mortality have been improved. Women empowerment is on the cards. Stringent laws preventing male hegemony, ruthless crimes and gender discrimination are in place. Article 29 of the constitution, guarantees protection and promotion of our rich and diverse culture. However, the caste discrimination and dowry system still prevail. Strong resistance ought to be offered to prevent the same.

Politically, we can be undoubtedly pound of ourselves. Right from the first day, we gave ourselves universal adult suffrage. Women in the USA and UK enjoyed voting rights only in the 1920s, many decades after their independence. Till date, we have conducted 16 massive LokSabha elections. Compared to our neighbours, we are far superior in maintaining democratic principles. One neighbouring government needs the military to stay in power and in another, the government is used by the military to stay in power. We also withstood Emergency in 1975-77 which tested the very essence of democracy. Of course, only by 1993 we were able to add another level to our governance i.e., Local self-governance which began through 72nd and 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act. Though women are still under-represented in Parliament that is not the case with Panchayat level. 33% reservation for the women has already shown a great result. As of now, there are around 10 lakh women representatives in India at different levels of Panchayat.

There was a time when floods, contaminated diseases and droughts engulfed innocent lives. Once, in the 1960s, Indira Gandhi had to desperately accept USA conditions for shipment of food grains. Since then, we have become one of the largest producer and exporter of food grains. Green revolution and white revolution led by people such as M.S. Swaminathan and Verghese Kurein have saved millions of lives. Even the revolutions conceptualized by Karl Marx or Stalin could have never saved so many people in the entire history.

Not to forget the 4th Industrial Revolution we are presently living in. From a country which had to depend on the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to come out of Balance of Payment crisis (1991), we have become Net loan provider to IMF and also were instrumental in beginning BRICS ecosystem. It took Gandhi one whole year to commute across the length and breadth of the country. Now, every middle-class person is aiming to travel by flight. Thanks to the sacrifice of Airline industry.

We as a nation also withstood brazen attacks from our neighbours. Though we lost to China in 1962, we were successful in defeating Pakistan in 1965. We also liberated Bangladesh from the shackles of Pakistan in 1971. Courageously countered the infringement at the Kargil in 1991. Throughout the history, we were forced into war but never proactive attacked any country. Indian soldiers work all across the world to maintain world peace. Be it be for England in World War I or let it be in Africa for UN Peacekeeping missions.

For a moment, if we stop wondering why SEC data was not released or on why Rahul Gandhi hugged Narendra Modi and forget about the entrenched corruption, social discrimination, gender inequalitiy, etc etc., India is a mere delight to live in. Just-

– To experience the diverse climates – from chilling cold in J&K to arid desert of Rajasthan

– To taste diverse varieties- from Andhra Tirupati laddu to Gujarat dhokla

– To enjoy the captivating dance performances – from Kathakali of Kerala to Bharata Natyam of Tamil Nadu

– To witness the rich tribal heritage of North East

-To cherish the rock-cut caves in Elora of Maharashtra and the Mughal paintings of North.

-To meet people believing in diverse philosophies and speaking in various languages.

-Or to just sit back and watch “Friends”

If taking a human form is a bliss, taking birth in this generation is a luck. Living in India is a celebration. One can never be bored of people or places.

Amidst all this enjoyment, did we forget about the promise made at the beginning?

Happy Independence Day.

Jai Hind.

~Shankar.

Spain poilitical crisis – Lessons for India

For the past one month, Nifty 50 was on a roller coaster ride. For someone arduously following the market, the reason is evident – the political crisis in Europe. Uncertainty in the politics of Spain and Italy is creeping into the nerves of the investors across the world. A decade after the world witnessed Eurozone crisis, the present scenario in Europe exemplifies its inability to return to a normal situation. The present political scenario is a fallout of decade-long unsustainable growth across Europe.

Madrid just ousted their Prime Minister, Mariano Rajoy, who suppressed the Catalonian separatists with an iron-fist. The newly formed government also lifted the direct rule on Catalonia. The policy of new Prime Minister, Mr. Pedro Sanchez, towards the separatists, is awaited. However, he is unlikely to budge for their demands. The reasons for all the political drama lies in the heart of Europe’s fledgling economy. According to Eurostat, after Eurozone crisis, the northern states have substantially recovered compared to their southern parts. The unemployment and poverty are pulling the economy backward making them non-competitive with respect to Germany or France.

Mr. Rajoy was partly successful in sustaining the growth at 3% for the past three years. He was also successful in maintaining the fiscal prudence given the huge government debt. However, he could not control the simmering anger in his country due to illegal migration and widespread unemployment. The impending reason for his ouster was the proven corruption charges on his political party. Mr. Rajoy himself testified against few of his party members which indirectly led to his ouster.

The BJP government in India has a lot to learn from above political situation. Indian GDP growth stood at 7.7% this quarter, surpassing all expectations. So, does the Spanish growth of 3%. Even the fiscal prudence was perfectly maintained by Indian government just as in Spain. However, both Spanish and Indian government failed to understand the impact of their policies on people. Spanish government took more prudent measures to contain their fiscal deficit. Indian government implemented GST and demonetisation without providing some cooling off period.

Also, BJP flexed its muscle way more than what is required in trying to form the government in Karnataka. So did Spanish government in dismissing the Catalonian government. After the recent by-poll election, BJP should understand that not all is in their favour and people sentiments are fast changing. BJP legislators are also lackadaisical in propagating the benefits of GST and other policies they have been implementing. Their approach in pacifying the minorities has also caused widespread resentment among their major vote bank. It’s time the government respects and understand people sentiment and rework on their policies. Otherwise, they will face the fate of recently ousted Spanish government.

-Shankar

Will Zimbabwe turn into another Egypt?

Annihilating around 300 Egyptians, the recent attack at Al-Rawda mosque in Sinai Peninsula has been one of the worst destruction in Egyptian history. Though no one claimed responsibility, the government suspects that Islamic State (IS) affiliate – Sinai Province group is behind the insurgency. Causalities are followers of Sufism, which is perceived as anti-Islam by few Sunni organisations. The reasons for the attack are both religious, political and strategic. The incident will remain as a black mark in the books of Egyptian history.

The attack was carried out by IS, which is a Sunni organisation, on the followers of Sufism. Egyptian society is mostly populated by Muslim Brotherhood which is also an affiliate of Sunni tradition. So, the Sunnis, who are intolerant to Sufism are mostly responsible for the attack. The reason for Muslim Brotherhood’s (Sunnis) angst against Egyptian Armed Forces is lack of their representation. For the first time in history, Muslim Brotherhood got representation in the form of Mohammad Morsi, President of Egypt from 2011 to 2013. But, in a military coup followed by elections, present President Abdel Fatah el-Sisi replaced Mohammad Morsi. Autocratic rule of el-Sisi led to resurgence of IS in Sinai Peninsula.

Sinai Peninsula is strategically located between Egypt and Israel. The organisation controlling this peninsula gains privilege to control Suez Canal, one of the trade hotspots of the world. Suez Canal connect Red sea with Mediterranean Sea reducing the efforts of the ships to travel across Africa. So, Adbul Fatah el-Sisi after assuming office in 2014, launched numerous attacks on militants in northern Sinai Peninsula. Insurgents also retaliated strongly in all the occasions. Recent attack on the mosque is one among them. The insurgents brutally attacked the ambulances which were present to rescue the victims, exemplifying their cold blooded nature and the crisis in northern peninsula. Egyptian government should crackdown the militant operations and also simultaneously provide representation to Muslim Brotherhood in the top leadership.

Further South to Egypt, another African nation is presently in crisis. Zimbabwe’s Vice President, Emmerson Mnangagwa, overthrew President Robert Mugabe with the help of military and assumed office. Tough, Mr. Mnangagwa has huge public support, a large minority of the population still supports Mr. Mugabe. If the present government fails to embrace all the sections of the society, the story of Egypt may repeat. For the disenchantment always turned into disastrous revolutions. From French Revolution in 1789 to Zimbabwe crisis in 2017, history is the silent

Zimbabwe Crisis

The hunger for power never wither away with time, but will simmer to take its worst form. At the age of 93 and after ruling Zimbabwe for 37 years, Robert Mugabe is in no mood to quit his Presidency. Hailed as an anti-colonist ruler by Zimbabweans, he is hated by the West for his economic policies. Recently, he fired his Vice President, Emmerson Mnangagwa, who was direct competition to his wife for succeeding him. Now, ascertaining the disenchantment of the countrymen, military commanders have occupied the entire Presidential palace and seized the city of Harare. However, they denied making any coup in the palace explaining that the present act was just to clean the political system.

After assuming the power in 1980, when Zimbabwe attained freedom, Robert Mugabe left no stone unturned to stay in power. There were accusations of murder, massacre and purge directly on him. He leveraged the ethnic conflicts between Shona and Ndebele to hold on to his power. Being a Shona, Mr.Mugabe was also accused of being involved in Gukurahundi massacre wherein hundreds of Ndebeles were killed. He completely purged all his rivals out of the political party. Even Hitler followed a similar policy when he took over Germany in late 1920s. It created economic turmoil back then in Germany and right now, in Zimbabwe due to the hegemony of these individuals.

During his Presidency, Zimbabwe was also subjected to a worst economic crisis in the late 2000s. Involvement in Second Congo war, underreporting of spending on military and untoward corruption resulted in hyperinflation. The currency was unscrupulously printed and circulated in the economy. By 2015, Zimbabwe adopted US dollars as its official currency as the situation was out of its hand. Thus, Mugabe rendered its economy uncompetitive in the global world. He could neither maintain the social harmony nor economic stability of his country. Till certain point, Zimbabweans believed in his nationalistic rhetoric, but now someone had to control him and his wife.

After getting hitched to Mrs. Grace Mugabe in 1996, his atrocities became more discernable. She is known for her shopping spree and extravagant spending. There were also allegations of assault on her. She could easily escape the punishment given her ability to abuse power. Now that the term of Mr. Mugabe is coming to an end, the competition to replace him is intensifying. Vice President, Emmerson Mnangagwa, is the next power center who could wield equivalent power in the country as that of Mr. Mugabe. Underestimating his power, Mr. Mugabe fired him from the post expecting to clear the way for his wife. But, the game has turned against him and the repercussions are yet to be seen.

Landslide Victory of Shinzo Abe – What’s In Store For India !

1400 years of irrevocable relationship has been strengthened with the re-election of Shinzo Abe as Japanese Prime Minister. His election not only strengthens Japanese economy but also significantly contributes to global political and economic stability. His assertion against North Korea acts and his concern towards aging people of Japan has provided a landslide victory to Abe. Also, with China reasserting itself as the power centre in Asia, Abe’s victory will soothe Japanese concerns due to his unconditional support to security issues.

While all the global economies are preparing to absorb the anticipated Fed’s interest rates hike, Abe’s election pacifies their anxiety. Abe promised to continue to retain the lower interest rates to boost the economy. This would imbibe lower capital into the global markets while the money may move towards U.S.A after Fed’s interest rate hike. India would be a major beneficiary as many projects in India are funded by Japanese. For example, India received capital for its bullet train project in Gujarat from Japan for a minimal interest rate. Nevertheless, it should not be forgotten that the interest rates in Japan are negative which makes it a win-win situation for both the countries.

In terms of security, Japan understood the importance of strengthening its defence capabilities after the North Korea’s blatant acts. Korean missiles flew over Japanese airspace sending shivers to its citizens. Abe staunchly opposed the acts of Korea and resolved to retaliate accordingly. After the Hiroshima and Nagasaki incident, Japan was in the protection of U.S.A and never tried to build defence capabilities. It was a strong propagator of peace highlighting the dismantling of nuclear weapons. But now, with Trump focussing more on its own economy, Japan cannot rely on U.S.A for its security. It needs to develop its own army, navy and air force. Also, Japan may extend support to India’s nuclear policy, which is a bone of contention between two countries since our independence.

With U.S.A reaching out to South Asian countries with its renewed foreign policy, it’s time for India to strengthen ties with Japan. Trump’s withdrawal from Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) has generated discontentment in Japan. India, along with Japan, could put pressure on U.S.A to reconsider its stand on Paris agreement and TPP. Also, Trump’s recent speech at IMF and World Bank stating that U.S.A has pumped in more money than expected into these institutions is a cause of concern for India. So, we could take help of Japan in making the USA reconsider its decision.

Catalonia in Spain and Gorkhaland in India

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When a region is not respected, revolution is the repercussion. Catalonia in Spain and Gorkhaland in India have intensified their assertion for a greater autonomy. The underlying issue behind these protests is the discontentment generated due to the subjugation of their regional aspirations by the corresponding governments. Though the displeasure in both the regions was simmering through many decades, the immediate cause was the negligence of their language by their governments. Mamata Banerjee in West Bengal imposed Bengali as the compulsory language in the Gorkhaland. Similarly, Spain never respected the Catalan language. So, the protests were imminent and led to political unrest in the region. As of now, peace is established in Gorkhaland but the war is just about to begin in Catalonia.

The present-day Catalonia is on the border of Spain and France. Through ages, it has its own culture and identity. By 1715, Spain was able to subjugate Catalonian provinces and brought the entire islands under its control. Till 1938, Catalonia was granted greater autonomy and it was able to protect its traditions. However, in that particular year, General Francisco Franco destroyed Catalonian nationalism with a deadly war which consumed 3,500 lives. Since then, Catalonian people tried to gain more independence through various protests. But, the drastic step taken by Catalan leader this September, led to present crises. Carles Puigdemont brought in a resolution in Catalonia urging for its complete independence. 90% of the participants voted for independence but only 43% of voters participated in the elections conducted.

This was not in line with the agreement between Spain and Catalonia. So, Spain had to take a drastic measure of imposing Article 155 of Spanish constitution which brings Catalonia’s governance under Spain’s control. In response to which Catalonia lawmakers passed a resolution demanding complete independence. Now that the Catalonia has taken the extreme step, Spain is left with no other choice but to impose direct rule. Further action by both the governments is yet to be seen. Political parties such as Catalan European Democratic Party are adamant are not accepting anything short of complete independence. Spain on the other hand, cannot lose Barcelona, present in Catalonia, which contributes to 20% of its GDP. The situation is nowhere near peace and it will just add the fuel to the already burning European crisis in the form of Brexit.

In India, Gorkha Janmukti Morcha is demanding for the creation of Gorkhaland. They needed a separate identity for themselves. They also feel that Bengal is slowly intriguing into the affairs of its administration. Gorkhaland, similar to Catalonia has got autonomous powers to create their own rules in the form of Gorkhaland Territorial Administration (GTA). However, both the Catalonian administration and Gorkhaland administration has to abide by their nation’s constitution. Few fringe elements in Gorkhaland used artillery to demand their independence which cannot be tolerated by India. Similarly, Catalonia went ahead and passed the resolution which is contravening with Spain’s constitution. So, it has to ready to face the backlash from the Spain’s government. If India were to take a stand, we would definitely support Spain, as we have Kashmir sitting right above our head.

Swimming – Needs to be learned not mandated

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As an Indian who has studied in a CBSE school, I was taught that Mawsynram and Cherrapunji are among the wettest places on planet earth. But as of late, there are many unexpected places that are receiving higher rainfall above the mean values. The Climate Change phenomenon is taking shape at a new level altogether. The expected increase in temperature is about 8-10 degrees for a century. The increase in temperature would cause the icebergs and the ice on top of the peaks of mountains to melt. This would in turn lead to an increased level of water in the rivers and would increase the level of water bodies on earth. As the water level rises, the coastal regions are more prone to be invaded by the inanimate force of the water leading to floods and high inland tides, making it virtually inhabitable.

On the other hand, the recent rains in Bangalore are a great example of how life gets disrupted due to rain. The rain lashed for days together and flooded the city. The rains have uprooted almost a thousand trees. Is this an effect because of the cutting of trees in the first place? Or is it because of some other reason such as construction activities after the uprooting of trees?

The water retention capacity of soil goes down because of the absence of roots of trees, which on the other hand absorb the water and act as an impetus to the gushing flow of water. Apart from the nature’s brute force, the outbreak of epidemics permeates during the rainy seasons. The arrangement of the clogged water is apt for mosquitos and its other cousins to breed. The number of deaths due to Dengue, Malaria and other diseases are generally high during this period.

Rains are not bad. But excessive rains are ones to combat especially in places like Bangalore, Chennai and Mumbai. Majorly, all three places should have contingency plans to reduce the losses. The approximate loss during the infamous Chennai floods was anywhere between 2 billion dollars to 2.3 billion dollars (Depending on various sources). Government could actually allow the builders or collaborate with them to build a few townships right outside the cities so that, the relocating is easier during mishaps. The saving of lives is the prima donna during such events. Thus, we must do our best in preventing a scenario where swimming would be a mode of travel to office along with boats and jet skis!! Some momentum in the fiscal spending can also be generated in addition to the infrastructural growth and contingency measures. Providing insurance is only a short term measure and has proved to be a short term cure. Hence, more prominent action needs to be stepped up to build a more resilient economy.

Nobel Prizes 2017

As it happens every year, this year’s Nobel prize did not disappoint anyone. Breakthrough researches in different fields were recognized and the prizes were awarded accordingly. Each noble laureate would receive a gold medal, a diploma and a sum of money as decided by the foundation.

The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Rainer Weiss, Barry. C. Barish and Kip. S. Thorne for the detection of gravitational waves. Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) was used to detect these waves. The detected gravitational waves were generated when black holes merged with each other creating a space time distortion. This also proves Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity.

Next, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson for developing cryo-electron microscopy. The high resolution microscope is used to determine the structure of bio molecules. It will also facilitate the observation of bio-molecules by freezing them mid-movement. This 3 dimensional view of atomic particles was the result of series of discoveries by these laureates. First a protein was viewed 3 dimensionally, later the electron microscope was used to merge two 2 dimensional objects to generate 3 dimensional view. Finally, water was added to microscope’s vacuum to evaporate and collapse bio molecules making them to freeze.

Later, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Jeffery. C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael. W. young. They discovered the “molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm.” For many years, we knew that our body adopts to the regular rhythm of the day. The nobel laureates identified the gene responsible for biological clock and isolated a specific protein responsible for it. Also, they proved the after effects of not adopting to the cycle. Jet lag, alzheimer’s disease are few such cases.

Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Kazuo Ishiguro “who, in novels of great emotional force, has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world.” Being a British writer of Japanese origin he could provide a unique perspective of Japan. His much famed books describe the way in which Japan was devastated during World War 2 and how it was built thereafter. With his words he could evoke emotional appeal among the audience for which he earned the nobel prize.

While North Korea and U.S.A are threatening each other with the usage of nuclear weapons, the Nobel Foundation was rightly decided to award Nobel Peace Prize to the organisation-International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN). It was instrumental in achieving treaty based prohibition of these weapons. The organization also works to highlight the loss and humanitarian destruction caused due to the usage of such weapons.

Lastly, the Nobel Prize in Economics is awarded to Richard. H. Thaler for is work on Behavioural Economics. He proved that factors such as limited rationality, lack of self-control and social preferences affect the consumer behaviour. Essentially he bridged the gap between psychology and economics. Thus, paying way for new field of study.

One important observation about this year Nobel Prize is that there no women in the list. Yet again raises many unanswerable questions!

Myanmar crisis: What changed Indian stand from 1971 to 2017

During the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, around 1 crore refugees migrated from Bangladesh to India. The then Indira Gandhi government supported their movement for an Independent nation and waged a war against Pakistan. We won the war and the East Pakistan transformed into today’s Bangladesh. But, what changed India’s stand from 1971 to 2017? India went against the whole world in supporting the Myanmar government to curtail the activities of Rohingyas. India opposed a Bali Declaration which “called upon all the parties to show respect to Rohingyas in the Rakhine state regardless of their faith and ethnicity.” India supported the cause of Bengali Hindus but opposed the aspirations of Rohingya Muslims to form their own nation.

According to Al-Jazeera, Rohingyas are one of the most persecuted minorities in the world. They are concentrated in eastern part of Myanmar and their population is around 10-12 lakhs. There exists a long battle between minority Buddhists in Rakhine state and the Rohingyas. Religious tensions have been recently increased which led to incessant influx migrants into Bangladesh territory. According to UN report, around 3 lakh Rohingyas fled to Bangladesh to escape the atrocities committed by the Myanmar’s government. The irony is that Myanmar is a Buddhist dominated country and led by a Noble Peace laureate, Aung San Suu Kyi. The government is in a constant war with Arankan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) – an armed rebellion group which represents the minority Rohingyas. But, the Myanmar’s government is going beyond their call of duty in restricting the flow of immigrants. According to Amnesty International, the government is implanting landmines across the Bangladesh-Myanmar border to restrict the migration. This is an outright Human Rights Violation.

India is unconditionally supporting the Myanmar’s government. Indeed, the long held Indian stance and strong ties between the governments is compelling the Modi government to support Nay Pyi Taw. India is also aware of the strengthening relationship between China and Myanmar. India can be easily replaced with China in case we do not support the Myanmar’s government. Supporting Rohingyas will also mean that India is in principle open to the concept of forming new nations. This stance would contradict India’s stand on the demand for separate Kashmir and North Eastern states. Also, supporting ARSA would mean that India is encouraging terrorism in the foreign lands. So, India had no other choice but to support Myanmar’s government. But, India could have extended categorical support instead of unconditional. Gandhi used to say that a person has to be separated from her work to maintain cordial relationship. To foster a relationship, unjustified actions ought to be highlighted and criticised.

Though the governments may give umpteen number of reasons, the underlying reason is only political and religious. BJP is predominantly projected as Hindu nationalist party. Supporting a Muslim cause may risk the ire of its supporters. This phenomenon is also evident with the support of Israeli government. Israel is a Jewish dominated country and opposes Muslim organisations mostly due to Palestine issue. So, there is no wonder that the Israel is funding Myanmar’s Junta (army). In 1971, we supported Bengali Hindus but in 2017, we are averse to the subjugation of minority Muslims. India had a great history of supporting world causes bereft of our self-interest. Taking forward this unhindered legacy, we should atleast oppose the blatant subjugation of innocent Rohingyas.

Let’s get ready to embrace new norms !!

Three recent complimentary Supreme Court (SC) judgements have broadened the liberal nature of Indian society. Judgments on Triple Talaq, Right to Privacy and Section 377 sent very strong messages to the government and the society at large.

Triple Talaq was declared unconstitutional as it is not a Fundamental Right under Indian Constitution. Article 25 specifies that every citizen has the freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of Religion. But, Triple Talaq invalidates the marriage without any reconciliation between the spouses. Supreme Court highlighted the patriarchal nature of the practice and now empowers women to have a fair divorce. The baton is now passed on to the Parliament for the appropriate legislature.

In another judgement, SC declared Right to Privacy as Fundamental Right. The judgement is based on the premise that the privacy is the inherent and natural right of every human being. SC has just made it explicit by recognizing it as Fundamental Right. Article 21 of the Constitution guarantees Protection of life and Personal Liberty. Right to privacy is now a part of it. Article 21 has been evolved with the changing patterns of the society and the addition of Right to Privacy is a mere affirmation to liberal values. For example, Right to go abroad and Right against public hanging, Right against delayed execution have been recognized as part of Fundamental Right under Article 21. SC also validated the use of Aadhar for purposes other than Welfare activities. Thus, providing respite to the government.

In line with these decisions, Section 377, which criminalizes the homosexuality, was struck down by SC. By saying that the law affected a Minuscule population, SC had done a grave mistake of going against the basic principle of Democracy. Now that it has corrected its mistake, the insensitive law is buried passing on smiles to LGBT community. Though the population of LGBT community is unknown, going with US numbers, it might be around 10% of total population. As a collective society, we should try to accommodate these minorities. Further, the constitution just recognises linguistic and religious minorities. It’s time to recognize the minorities based on sexuality.

Above judgements have socio economic and political repercussions. The government may have to invest heavily in infrastructure for securing the digital data collected. The litigation costs for the government may also go high in case it has to go against big corporate giants (Google, Facebook). They are alleged to have collected a large amount of inappropriate data for their business needs. Abolition of Triple Talaq strengthens government resolution to push for Uniform Civil Code. Political leverage can be garnered among the Hindus by BJP. And the economic consequences of recognizing Right to Privacy as Fundamental Right is still unknown. Also, as a society, we need to broaden our thoughts, open our hearts, extend our hands and pull the LGBT community on board to integrate the nation.