As an Indian who has studied in a CBSE school, I was taught that Mawsynram and Cherrapunji are among the wettest places on planet earth. But as of late, there are many unexpected places that are receiving higher rainfall above the mean values. The Climate Change phenomenon is taking shape at a new level altogether. The expected increase in temperature is about 8-10 degrees for a century. The increase in temperature would cause the icebergs and the ice on top of the peaks of mountains to melt. This would in turn lead to an increased level of water in the rivers and would increase the level of water bodies on earth. As the water level rises, the coastal regions are more prone to be invaded by the inanimate force of the water leading to floods and high inland tides, making it virtually inhabitable.
On the other hand, the recent rains in Bangalore are a great example of how life gets disrupted due to rain. The rain lashed for days together and flooded the city. The rains have uprooted almost a thousand trees. Is this an effect because of the cutting of trees in the first place? Or is it because of some other reason such as construction activities after the uprooting of trees?
The water retention capacity of soil goes down because of the absence of roots of trees, which on the other hand absorb the water and act as an impetus to the gushing flow of water. Apart from the nature’s brute force, the outbreak of epidemics permeates during the rainy seasons. The arrangement of the clogged water is apt for mosquitos and its other cousins to breed. The number of deaths due to Dengue, Malaria and other diseases are generally high during this period.
Rains are not bad. But excessive rains are ones to combat especially in places like Bangalore, Chennai and Mumbai. Majorly, all three places should have contingency plans to reduce the losses. The approximate loss during the infamous Chennai floods was anywhere between 2 billion dollars to 2.3 billion dollars (Depending on various sources). Government could actually allow the builders or collaborate with them to build a few townships right outside the cities so that, the relocating is easier during mishaps. The saving of lives is the prima donna during such events. Thus, we must do our best in preventing a scenario where swimming would be a mode of travel to office along with boats and jet skis!! Some momentum in the fiscal spending can also be generated in addition to the infrastructural growth and contingency measures. Providing insurance is only a short term measure and has proved to be a short term cure. Hence, more prominent action needs to be stepped up to build a more resilient economy.